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Counting and dates
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This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 4 Jul 2019, 15:21.

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23. Tones
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This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.
Menu 1. Digits 2. Forming numbers 3. Dates


Ov numeric system is in base 10. Digits (1 to 9) are as follows.

1: it /ɪt/
2: ät /æt/
3: el /e̞l/
4: sök /ɕʏk/
5: clan /ɬlɑn/
6: ef /e̞f/
7: ient /je̞nt/
8: ker /ke̞ɾ/
9: oveś /o̞ve̞s/

Digits are written using letters in the Ov writing system. This comes from the initial letter of each of them, with a few adjustments.

i ä l s c f e k o
i ä l s c f e k o

An interesting result of that system is that whole numbers tend to be colloquially pronounced directly as their "digit forms" when possible, especially when reading.

Thus 3251 (lałyryk el nałyryk ät clanoiën im it) is normally pronounced /lɑçʏɾʏk e̞l nɑçʏɾʏk æt ɬlɑno̞ɪ̯n ɪm ɪt/ but also = läci = /læθɪ/.

Epenthesis is possible for unpronounceable clusters..

3548, lałyryk el nałyhryk clan sökröiën im ker /lɑçʏɾʏk e̞l nɑçyːɾʏk ɬlɑn ɕʏkrʏɪ̯n ɪm ke̞ɾ/ becomes lcsk /lɤθɤɕ(ɤ)kɤ/

Zero is "ccëś" /θɪs/ and shown by <ë> ë. It is differentiated orally from "i" using a low tone instead of a high tone, or by infixing <w> before the zero.

10 = /ɪ.ɪ̞̀/
11 = ii /ɪ.ɪ́/

10 = iwë /ɪ.vɪ/
11 = ii /ɪ.ɪ/

[top]Forming numbers

The numerals are always postposed to the nouns, like adpositions. Be sure to check out how the definite plural shifts work.

Words for numbers between 0 and 19 are unique, with a somewhat recognizable pattern (exceptions are underlined).

0: ccëś /θɪs/
1: it /ɪt/
2: ät /æt/
3: el /e̞l/
4: sök /ɕʏk/
5: clan /ɬlɑn/
6: ef /e̞f/
7: ient /je̞nt/
8: ker /ke̞ɾ/
9: oveś /o̞ve̞s/
10: nanes /nɑne̞ɕ/
11: ulän /ulæn/
12: tän /tæn/
14: sökän /ɕʏkæn/
15: clänän /ɬlænæn/
16: epän /e̞pæn/
17: ientän /je̞ntæn/
18: kerän /ke̞ɾæn/
19: öfszän /ʏfsæn/

Then multiples of ten are formed variably with an -oiën suffix attached to the root numeral.

20: äcloiën /æɬlo̞ɪ̯n/
30: erroiën /e̞ɾo̞ɪ̯n/
40: sökroiën /ɕʏkro̞ɪ̯n/
50: clanoiën /ɬlɑno̞ɪ̯n/
60: epaiën /e̞pɑɪ̯n/
70: ientoiën /je̞nto̞ɪ̯n/
80: kroiën /kro̞ɪ̯n/
90: ovszoiën /o̞vso̞ɪ̯n/

After twenty, specific numerals are formed literally with "20 and x".

  • 21 = äcloiën im it
  • 132 = nałyr erroiën im ät

By 200, something else changes: the word for "100" is considered to be a noun, thus the digit that indicates how many hundreds there are is postposed to it (plural and definite plural shift are applied to it as well).

  • 413 = nałyhryk sök elwän

  • And so on with higher "numeral nouns".

  • 8888 = dalyhryk ker nałyhryk ker kroiën im ker

  • [top]Dates

    Dates of the Gregorian calendar are in the following format in Ov: « [month]-INEInessive (case)
    , [day-number], [day-name] [year] in ».

  • Thursday, April 25th 2019 = kohldíttak, 25, kenbahnea 2019 unk

  • This does not work the same for original Allwanduirian dates.

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