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Tnaaq [TRP]
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LotM Winner Typology Progressing 2,333 words
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Tnaaq
Tnaaq
[tɾ̃aːp]
Registered by xroooox on 4 May 2014
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Tnaaq
  • Tnaaq is an a priori VSO conlang, that behaves as a fluid active-stative language for intransitives and an ergative one for transitives, mostly agglutinative and head marking.
  • It has a small phonological inventory (7 consonants, 4 vowels both short and long, and 2 diphthongs), and no labials. Allophony and dialectal variation runs wild.
  • Nouns are marked for 3 degrees of definiteness and show no case. Gender shows up in noun derivation and agreement, but it's otherwise unmarked in the noun.
  • Verbs agree only with the subject, that can have different semantic roles. Transitivity class and modal prefixes help to clarify this role.
  • Negation is mostly marked by a suffix, but some affixes, auxiliaries and main verbs have different forms for the negative and/or show suppletion.
  • Aspect is marked mostly with reduplicative affixes or auxiliary verbs, the progressive being nominative-accusative, while the perfective and the inchoative are ergatively aligned. There is no morphological tense.
  • There are no adjectives, stative verbs are used instead.
  • Tnaaq has an open set of second position clitics that includes pronouns, modals, evidentiality, locatives, incorporated nouns... etc.
  • Independent pronouns do not inflect for case, only for person and number. Demonstratives are used as third person pronounsand show 3 degrees of proximity. Dependent pronouns are second position clitics that inflect for case.
  • As a long term project, Tnaaq has had several reincarnations. There are some bits in other sites, but only CWS and personal files are updated. Also, Tnaaq was supposed to be spoken in Tnaaq, a country of Sahar, and its neighbour, Nousdutu. Tnaaq-the country project is on hold.
  • Tnaaq's current development is on giving detail to the existing grammar. Although some information may be outdated, it is valid Tnaaq and the basic structure remains the same.
Sample of Tnaaq[view] Ruu aik sitahkat htaunars, isaitirau krans q iqihkknuht sarsuuti

Place your body here, let your skin begin to blend itself with mine.
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Latest vocabulary
r stauvdonate
knyhtvblend
ii nuuht svhave time
Sound samples in Tnaaq
Some sound samples of Tnaaq. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Nuuht n iihk, sais kaarunar nauhi hakurtatn rustan, n iqukat n uktarnussai ra naa, Ta Quq.
At the beginning, our planet was no more than a chaos of fire, formed in the wake of its star, the s...
Iihunq n sau iauknaka qus itaisn aqurst sutu ixaanu n ahtyy. Nququnihk nququnaustans quqanyn, aarak ...
I'd rather pay a high price than wait for a long time. Money comes and goes, time does not - it can'...
Sti syyniq su nausi asnauqr.
Greed is eternal.
Ii aihanu. Stii aihanu. Ta n aaxa nyrt su kaihanu. Iistai aihanu. Kaihanu nstai ii. Kaihanu nstinaik...
There's a banana. There's no banana. He does something to the banana. I want a banana. It's the bana...
Kruu atanauqtn nyst santn. Sisqaqrusaknau - Qnat sihuhkrairus.
I have seen the true path. I will not warm myself by the fire-I will become the flame.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal [m]1 [m̥]2   n [n̠]3 [n̥]4   [ɲ]5 [ɲ̥]6   [ŋ]7 [ŋ̥]8  
Plosive [p]9 [b]10   t [d]11       k kʷ [g]12 [gʷ]13 [ʔ]14
Fricative [ɸ]15 [β]16 [θ]17 s [z]18   [ç]19   [x]20 [xʷ]21 h [ɦ]22
Affricate     [t͡s]23 [d͡z]24 [t͡ʃ]25 [d͡ʒ]26        
Approximant     [ɹ]27 [ɹ̥]28   [j]29 [ʍ]30 [w]31    
Trill     r [r̥]32          
Flap     [ɾ]33 [ɾ̥]34          
  1. allophone of /n/
  2. allophone of /n/
  3. allophone of /n/
  4. allophone of /n/
  5. allophone of /n/
  6. allophone of /n/
  7. allophone of /n/
  8. allophone of /n/
  9. Coda, allophone of /kʷ/
  10. V(r,n)_{r,n}, allophone of /kʷ/
  11. [+voi]_[+voi], allophone of /t/
  12. [+voi]_[+voi], allophone of /k/
  13. [+voi]_[+voi], allophone of /kʷ/
  14. allophone of /h/
  15. h_(#,C), allophone of /kʷ/
  16. allophone of /kʷ/
  17. h_, allophone of /t/
  18. allophone of /s/
  19. allophone of /h/
  20. h_, allophone of /k/
  21. h_, allophone of /kʷ/
  22. allophone of /h/
  23. allophone of /t/
  24. allophone of /t/
  25. allophone of /k/
  26. allophone of /k/
  27. allophone of /r/
  28. allophone of /r/
  29. allophone of /i/
  30. allophone of /h/
  31. allophone of /u/
  32. allophone of /r/
  33. allophone of /r/
  34. allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i   ɨ   u
Near-close   [ɪ]1 [ɪ̈]2 [ʊ]3  
Close-mid [e]4       [o]5
Mid     [ə]6    
Open-mid [ɛ:]7       [ɔ:]8
Open a        
Polyphthongs äi äu
  1. unstressed , allophone of /i/
  2. unstressed , allophone of /ɨ/
  3. unstressed, allophone of /u/
  4. unstressed, allophone of /äi/
  5. unstressed, allophone of /äu/
  6. unstressed, allophone of /a/
  7. Stressed, allophone of /äi/
  8. unstressed, allophone of /äu/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Tnaaq. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 TnaaqOrthography
Aa/a/Hh/h/Ii/i/Kk/k/Nn/n/Qq/kʷ/Rr/r/Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/u/Yy/ɨ/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Tnaaq verbs 10-Jun-19 15:41
    Tnaaq prepositions
    Prepositions and things
    30-May-19 16:08
    Tnaaq conjunctions
    phrase links
    30-May-19 15:51
    Tnaaq clitics 29-May-19 18:40
    Auxiliary verbs
    Verbs (and former verbs) with grammatical functions
    13-May-19 21:26
    Tnaaq syntax
    Tnaaq phrases and sentences
    13-May-19 21:21
    Tnaaq pronouns 09-Mar-19 03:10
    Tnaaq nouns
    Tnaaq noun inflection and noun phrase
    09-Mar-19 00:11
    Typological information for Tnaaq

    Adposition head-directionalityHead initial
    Primary word orderVSO
    Syllable structureComplex
    Marked transitivity (verb)Transitive/Intransitive/Ditransitive

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