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Solish [SLX]
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Typology Functional 1,598 words
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Solish
Solikkovyt
[sɤlik:ɤvɨt̪]*
Registered by Utsiitak on 20 May 2020
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSolish is spoken by a population of around 600,000 in Solico.
Species Human/humanoid
About Solish


nanu, ea utsiitak! haykoi kaanuookxoptinozavu solikkovytyt!

Nanu, ea Utsiitak! Haykoi Kaanuookxoptinozavu Solikkovytyt!

[n̪an̪u ea ut̪si:t̪ak haɨ̯kɤi̯ ka:n̪uɤ:kʃɤpt̪in̪ɤzavu sɤlik:ɤvɨt̪ɨt̪]

hello be-1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
Utsiitak | welcome ConWorkShop-page-ALLAllative (case)
'to, onto'
Solico.language-GENGenitive (case)
possessive

Hi, I'm Utsiitak! Welcome to the ConWorkShop page of Solish!




Some Solish features!
  • SVO word order
  • Tons of noun, adjective, and verb cases
  • Strict pronunciation rules
  • Consonant harmony
  • Six vowels
  • Long and short vowels and consonants
  • Alphasyllabary writing system
  • Highly agglutinative
  • No grammatical gender or distinct gendered words (actor/actress, waiter/waitress, etc)
  • Neutral alignment
  • Polypersonal verb agreement
  • No special case for adverbs, they are simply adjectives placed after verbs
  • Root words can be tiny (often only one or two syllables long!)




Solish is the primary language spoken in the fictitious country of  Solico. It takes inspiration from various world languages, including Caucasian, Slavic, Uralic, and Japonic languages. In fiction, it is a language isolate, but does have some loan words and some light influence from other world languages.

It should be noted that the state of this language is volatile; that is, things are very likely to change drastically and at a rapid pace. This is an ongoing project and one that I'm passionate about, though that will require some trial and error and seeing what works for me. Expect frequent changes.
Sample of Solish[view] Ean hemkuuk.

We are not amused.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
hegulitvamuse
konuncone
heguadjamused
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Solish
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m:   n̪ n̪:            
Plosive p p: b b:   t̪ t̪: d̪ d̪:         k k: g g:  
Fricative   f f: v v:   s s: z z: ʃ ʃ: ʒ ʒ: [ç]1     h
Lateral approximant       l l:          
Approximant           [j]2 [ʍ]3 [w]4    
Trill       r5          
Flap       ɾ          
  1. When before /i/, allophone of /h/
  2. When before another vowel, allophone of /i/
  3. When before /u/, allophone of /h/
  4. When before another vowel
  5. Long/geminated form of /ɾ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i: ɨ ɨ: u u:
Close-mid e e:   ɤ ɤ:
Open a a:    
Polyphthongs ai̯ ei̯ ɤi̯ au̯ aɨ̯ ɨi̯
Syllable StructureSyllables always follow a (C)V/D(C) structure, with D being any one of the six vowel diphthongs.

Gemination rules:
- A word cannot begin or end with a geminated consonant.
- Two or more geminated consonants cannot be beside each other.
- A geminated consonant cannot be in front nor behind another consonant. (ex. allk, ommt)
- If grammar creates a geminated three-character-long consonant (ex. alll, ottt), place a vowel that matches that of the previous vowel after the second consonant (ex. allal, ottot).
- [h] cannot be geminated.
- When /ɾ/ is geminated, it turns from a tap [ɾ] to a trill [r]. The length of the trill is unimportant, but there should be a clear trill sound and not simply a tap.

Other rules:
- <rl> and <lr> are illegal consonant clusters. Respectively, they should be turned into <rr> and <ll>.
- <sx>, <xs>, <zj>, and <jz> are illegal consonant clusters. Respectively, they should be turned into <ss>, <xx>, <zz>, and <jj>.
Stress informationStress usually falls on the first syllable, but it isn't too important where you place it. Oftentimes, other syllables are stressed for a poetic, lyrical, or dramatic/emphatic effect.
OtherAllophony rules:
- /hu/ and /hi/ become /ʍ/ and /ç/ respectively when before another vowel.
- /i/ and /u/ become /j/ and /w/ respectively when behind another vowel.
- Consonants have voiced/voicelessness harmonization with the consonant before it if it is next to one. (ex. /tz/ is illegal and becomes /ts/). If grammar creates an illegal pairing, it is necessary to change the spelling and pronunciation to correct it (ex. zoled [knowledge] + -tai [negation suffix] becomes zoleddai [not knowledge]).
- If a vowel comes before /n/ or /m/, then it becomes nasalized. If a vowel ends with an /n/ and is pronounced with another consonant afterwards, the /n/ is not pronounced and simply nasalizes the previous vowel. (ex. /sani/ becomes /sãni/, but /sanpi/ becomes /sãpi/.)

***EXCEPTIONS: /m/ and /n/ do not need to harmonize. Likewise, consonants don't need to harmonize at the ends and beginnings of words (ex. /ad po/ can remain as such, but /adpo/ must be /adbo/).***

Additional loan word notes:
- Sometimes, loaning from other languages introduces a consonant cluster at the start or end of a word (ex. Kristus [Christ]). If this is the case, leave them as is. Only native Solish words cannot have consonant clusters of more than two characters.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Solish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 SolishOrthography
a
Aa
a
/a/
aa
AA aa
aa
/a:/
e
Ee
e
/e/
ee
EE ee
ee
/e:/
o
Oo
o
/ɤ/
oo
OO oo
oo
/ɤ:/
i
Ii
i
/i/, [j]1
ii
II ii
ii
/i:/
y
Yy
y
/ɨ/
yy
YY yy
yy
/ɨ:/
u
Uu
u
/u/, [w]2
uu
UU uu
uu
/u:/
m
Mm
mas
/m/
mm
MM mm
mammas
/m:/
n
Nn
nuki
/n̪/
nn
NN nn
nunnuki
/n̪:/
p
Pp
pat
/p/
pp
PP pp
pappat
/p:/
b
Bb
bega
/b/
bb
BB bb
bebbega
/b:/
t
Tt
tip
/t̪/
tt
TT tt
tittip
/t̪:/
d
Dd
dap
/d̪/
dd
DD dd
daddap
/d̪:/
k
Kk
ky
/k/
kk
KK kk
kykky
/k:/
g
Gg
go
/g/
gg
GG gg
goggo
/g:/
f
Ff
foi
/f/
ff
FF ff
foffoi
/f:/
v
Vv
ve
/v/
vv
VV vv
vevve
/v:/
s
Ss
sin
/s/
ss
SS ss
sissin
/s:/
z
Zz
zed
/z/
zz
ZZ zz
zezzed
/z:/
x
Xx
xok
/ʃ/
xx
XX xx
xoxxok
/ʃ:/
j
Jj
jek
/ʒ/
jj
JJ jj
jejjek
/ʒ:/
h
Hh
hau
/h/
l
Ll
la
/l/
ll
LL ll
lalla
/l:/
r
Rr
ra
/ɾ/
rr
RR rr
rarra
/r/3
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. When before another vowel
  2. When before another vowel
  3. Long/geminated form of /ɾ/
Additional NotesSolish consonants are ordered roughly by their manner of articulation, and vowels are ordered roughly by tongue position in the mouth.
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Solish Polypersonalism And Pronomial Suffixes
A description of Solish's pronouns.
30-Dec-21 04:59
Solish Numbers
A full description of Solish numbers.
23-Dec-21 17:21
Solish's Orthography
A full description of the Solish script.
15-Dec-21 02:34
Typological information for Solish

GendersNone
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNeutral
Phonemic vowel lengthShort/Long
Primary word orderSVO

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