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Nithalos [NXS]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 4,618 words
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Registered by [Deactivated User] on 7 February 2014
Language type Mixed
Species Human/humanoid
About Nithalos Nithalos is the language of Nithalosiä. Nithalosia is country comprising of the mainland, and the island of Seret off the coast. The main spoken language in Nithalosia is Nithalos, with Seretian coming in second as spoken in Seret and on the coastal city of Yamvođ. There is one main variant of Nithalos, spoken in the southern state of Govđa by the name of Nizalus - however Nithalos remains the official language.

The language was originally based on Japanese with some Russian and a few a priori elements added. As time has gone on, a lot of the Japanese elements have changed be more a priori-like, although a lot of the original Japonic vocabulary still exists today.

Nithalos has a fairly simplistic grammatical model with a large proportion of meaning derived through context. Some key features of Nithalos:
  • The syntax follows a SOV pattern, although SVO is sometimes possible (stative) and OSV in some relative clauses.
  • The language is highly pro-drop, only requiring a pronoun/subject to be used when the topic of discussion changes.
  • There are no genders, no grammatical numbers, no marked definiteness in the language.
  • There are 4 cases (nom, gen, acc, dat) + 1 contraction nowadays considered a case (stat).
  • There are a large number of postpositioned particles that Nithalos employs to give extra meaning to nouns.
  • The verbs are agglutinative and take suffixes for polarity, tense, voice, mood, aspect, and other syntactical morphemes.
  • There is a three way split in tenses between past tense, present/present continuous/future realis, and future irrealis.
  • Adjectives are able to conjugate much like verbs, while also being able to decline as adjectives.

Nithalos has a conscript, which in the modern day is mostly used for ceremonial purposes. Below is a sample of the cursive script that uses each letter at least once:
Sample of Nithalos[view] Soa kavgo ne panpila.

That spider nearly drowned.
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Latest vocabulary
Sound samples in Nithalos
Some sound samples of Nithalos. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
An evu SANI đai. Evu vistoka ana kravđi po pari.
I love her SO much. I hope she's my real mom.
Anu koa poske.
I am this man.
Ev sani ukitoka lati. Mo ev go tapa vomiom?
She looks rather forlorn. Perhaps you should go talk to her?
Kodu to modriya nertiya tasi voi se!
I just want to go home and sleep!
Mai'n ski asina poskeu praeigi, onskamo'nae koni al.
In the land of the blind, the one-eyed man is king.
Kona ko šo tarmonita, an lepriya tapa tasiđa.
If it weren't so cold today, I'd go for a swim.
Language family relationships
Language treeNezen
 ⤷ Proto-Nezen
  ⤷ Proto-West Nezen
   ⤷ Sala
    ⤷  Old Nithalos
     ⤷  Nithalos
[view] About NezenThe Nezen family is said to have started thousands of years ago in the Salian mountains. The majority of the peoples migrated to the south and east, and their languages later became the East Nezen languages.

From this, Nithalos and its ancestor la...
[view] Govđae Niđalos (Govthan)The Govthan dialect is spoken in the southern state of Govđa in Niđalosia. Govđa is separated from the most of the rest of Niđalosia by large mountains which accounts for its variation in language. Colloquially this dialect is known as 'Govđalos'.
[view] Seretođ Niđalos (Seretian Nithalos)Seretian Nithalos is the variety of the language spoken on the island of Seret. It is heavily influenced by the Serhet language - particularly in the vocabulary.
Nasal m     n        
Plosive p b     t d       k g
Fricative   f [v]1 θ [ð]2 s ɕ     x3
Lateral approximant       l        
Approximant           j [w]4  
Trill       r        
  1. intervocalic, geminated, or palatalised /f/, allophone of /f/
  2. intervocalic, geminated, or palatalised /θ/, allophone of /θ/
  3. may still be realised as /h/ in some environments
  4. after velar stops, allophone of /f/
Close i i:1 [i̥]2 [ɯ̥]3 u
Close-mid e e:4 o o:5
Open-mid   [ɔ]
Open a  
  1. when <e> occurs after <i>
  2. often in stressless syllables, allophone of /i/
  3. often in stressless syllables, allophone of /u/
  4. when <i> occurs after <e>
  5. when <u> occurs after <o>
Below is the orthography for Nithalos. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
Aa/a/Bb/b/Dd/d/Ee/e/Gg/g/Hh/x/1Ii/i/, [i̥]2Kk/k/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/
Oo/o/, [ɔ]Pp/p/Rr/r/Šš/ɕ/Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/u/, [ɯ̥]3Vv/f/, [v]4, [w]5Yy/j/Đđ/θ/, [ð]6
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. may still be realised as /h/ in some environments
  2. often in stressless syllables
  3. often in stressless syllables
  4. intervocalic, geminated, or palatalised /f/
  5. after velar stops
  6. intervocalic, geminated, or palatalised /θ/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Niđalosa Ušivart - Nithalosian Particles
Reference for Nithalosian particles
01-Sep-17 21:49
Niđalosa Vahero - Nithalosian Syntax
Overview of Nithalosian Syntax
29-Aug-17 03:07
LotM - Aug 14: Nithalos
The first LOTM has been chosen: our admin's main language, N...
24-Jun-15 01:14
Rogniam na Ta
Comparison of the bear and the travellers text
11-Jun-15 09:39
Govđae Niđalos om
Overview of Govthan Nithalos
17-Mar-15 21:41
Niđakava Keši
Niđakava Keši omna okosvapan vina sravis
05-Mar-15 06:01
Niđalosa Ođvart - Nithalosian Adjectives
How to adjective
02-Mar-15 01:26
Lessons (3)
1Udođ Ušnam
2Taođ Ušnam
3Siođ Ušnam
Typological information for Nithalos

Noun numbersNo numbers
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Primary word orderSOV
Pronoun dropping?Yes
Marked tense (verb)Past, Non-Past

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