Basic Yaharan – Lesson One
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This public article was written by mousefire55, and last updated on 7 Feb 2019, 23:29.
[comments] sihlessonsculturelesson 1 Hello all! I feel it's time a Basic Yaharan course get published, so, here we go! First things first, before we get to the introductions, should really be pronunciation of Yaharan, so, we'll fly through the Latinisation of Yaharan right quick, as learning the Feyändyä, the native script of Yaharan, is a lesson all its own, and not really necessary to learn the basics. So, here we go with the alphabet:
|Aa||ɛɪ̯||The a in ape.|
|Ää||ɑ||The a in father.|
|Bb||b||The b in bat.|
|Cc||s͢ʃ||Quickly say an s followed by a sh.|
|Čč||t͡͡ʃ||The tch in etch.|
|Dd||d||The d in dog.|
|Ee||i||The ee in feed.|
|Ëë||ɛ||The e in bed.|
|Ff||f||The ff in effort.|
|Gg||g||The gg in eggs.|
|Hh||ɦ||The h in hot, but voiced.|
|Ii||ɑɪ̯||The ei in heist.|
|Íí||ɪ̈||The i in bit.|
|Kk||k||The c in effect.|
|Ll||l||The ll in bellow.|
|Mm||m||The m in mice.|
|Nn||n||The n in nice.|
|Oo||o||Similar to the o in vote, but more open and without diphthong.|
|Öö||o||Identical to Oo.|
|Pp||p||The p in entrepot.|
|Rr||ɹ||The r's in error or identical to Řř|
|Řř||r||A rolled r sound as in Czech r or Spanish rr.|
|Ss||s||The s in snake.|
|Šš||ʃ||The sh in shoot.|
|Tt||t||The t in internal.|
|Þþ||θ||The th in bath.|
|Uu||u||The oo in booze.|
|Üü||ɯ||Say oo, then unround your lips.|
|Vv||v||The v in vote.|
|Ww||w||The w in wonder.|
|Xx||x||The ch in loch in the Scottish dialects.|
|Yy||j||The y in young.|
|Ÿÿ||y||A rounded ee sound or similar to German ü.|
|Zz||z||The z in zed (see what I did there? Haha).|
|Žž||ʒ||The si in vision.|
|Øø||jⁱɑʊ̯||Say yee-ow! rather quickly... Similar to that.|
Phew! Typing that was immensely painful, but luckily we're past that. So, as you can see, there's a lot of letters, and some are weird, but it's really ok if you don't nail them, Yaharans know how difficult some of their sounds are (especially c). Now, unfortunately, I really do have to add a few more sounds – namely hw, consonant+w, and consonant+y. hw produces the wh sound in some dialects' which (or as in the famous wheat-thins; IPA [ʍ]). Consonant+w results in consonant+ʷ, and consonant+y usually results in consonant+ʲ (basically, just shove the w's and y's into the consonants).
Cool! Got it so far? Neat (and if not, review a bit until you feel ready to move on, take your time!).
Onto more exciting things now, namely actually introducing ourselves and saying hello. Let's start with a few phrases and words:
|Näcürnnäc¨ür||Hello (formal), welcome|
|Të äts čënul?||What's your name? (literally, How are you called?)|
|Ëts čënul…||My name is… (literally, I am called…)|
|Dzä xiul?||How's it going?/How are you? (literally, What continues?)|
So, some may be wondering how something can be both an adjective (good) and adverb (well) at the same time, and the answer to that is that Yaharan doesn't distinguish between adjectives and adverbs – in other words, id is both an adjective (meaning good) and an adverb (meaning well). Every adjective in Yaharan is like this (kyä means both quick and quickly, dë means both lost and lostly, and so forth). As regards näcürnnäcür, the first n is its own syllable. I advise that you, a non-native speaker, use näcürnnäcür with everyone until they tell you to näcür them (which would sound like so: Ävíl ëts žälä näcür, though they may also use the word ävít, which is just a more formal way of saying ävíl in this context). Most Yaharan speakers will näc¨ür you, and they're not being rude, usually, but you should näcürnnäcür them (until told otherwise).
So then, it's that easy? No gender or stuff? Nope, not really. There is a concept called gender in Yaharan, but that's limited to the use of the definite article (the Yaharan word that means the, that is). Otherwise, you don't really have to worry about it (and if you just use tëmë for the definite article, you don't have to worry about which is right either way. Unless you're meeting someone important, like a mayor or noble or delegate or member of the Royal Family, in which case you should definitely review your formal Yaharan, but that's probably not relevant for most, and we'll cover that next lesson when we talk about articles and basic sentence structure).
Ok, so what else should I do when meeting a Yaharan? Please don't try to shake hands. Yaharans don't shake hands, and will look at you funny if you stick your hand out. Instead, for most situations, you can just do a short bow (approximately 20º is sufficient). Once you get to know folks better, you can just nod your head the once. You should wait for the, to do this first, however. If you want to wave at someone, you should always face your palm towards them, and keep your fingers together except for your thumb (as if your hand was in a mitten). If you let your fingers apart, it can be misconstrued as you being rude.
Will Yaharans be able to say my name properly? Probably not. Maybe. It really depends on who you're talking to. It might be worth your time to pick a Yaharan name for yourself, or find a Yaharan name that is similar to your own and use that. There's a pretty good chance that noöne you meet will speak your language (Yaharan speakers are mostly either monolingual or are bilingual in that they speak Yennodorian or maybe Heoroman), which can be really difficult for a lot of travellers.
So is that it, that's all we cover in this lesson? Sheesh, I suppose so. I can give a sneak-peek of our next topic, lesson two though.
So, like, what if I have other questions or whatever? Ignoring the attitude, feel free to ask them (either via message here or on Discord, I'm mousefire55 there too), and if they're important enough I'll even update the article here to reflect them, or even include them in the next lesson (or tell you to wait because it'll be covered later).
And, uhm, how long until the next lesson anyway? I haven't decided yet, but I think I'm going to try to do two of these a week, maybe more on occasion, so we should move through topics fairly quickly. I am, however, going to post the next lesson fairly soon, so that you have something to do, because clearly your life revolves around learning Yaharan, right? right?
Also, ugh, you expect me to type all these stupid accents and stuff?? Well, uhm, yeah, I guess I do. The US International (PC) or US Extended (Mac and PC) keyboard layouts handle Yaharan ok, as does the Czech layout (you'll have to figure out how to type ø and þ in that case though). There is also a Yaharan keyboard layout that I've made, which can be found at the following link: Here.
Oh my gosh, sneak-peak of next lesson!
Pronouns and How Nouns Work (that's the next lesson, that is):
And that's all you get for now!
What about stress in words? Hmm? This already got asked, albeit by someone reading over my shoulder, but whatever. Anyway, stress in words always falls on the first syllable, except for a few exceptions, which I'll mark every time they show up.