cws
Greetings Guest
home > library > journal > view_article
« Back to Articles » Journal
Use of the Indefinite Conjugation of Verbs in Yaharan
0▲ 0 ▼ 0
A short article focusing on the use of the indefinite conjugation of Yaharan verbs, focusing on its grammatical uses.
This public article was written by mousefire55, and last updated on 19 May 2016, 19:42.

[comments]
!Warning!
This article has been marked as out of date. There's a possibility that some information is incorrect.

Phrasal Uses of the Indefinite:
In Yaharan, there are two notable phrases in which one uses the indefinite conjugation. They are noted below, as well as any variations of them.

• “Dzä xiul?”, which approximately translates to “What's up?” uses the indefinite form of the verb “xiäl”, meaning “to endure” or “to continue”. This may also be expressed with the addition of one of the reflexive prefixes, though given the nature of the question, the prefix “äts”, meaning “you”, is the most common addition.
• “Dzä čënul” translates to “What's your name?”, uses the indefinite of “čënäl”, meaning “to name”. This too may be expressed using one of the reflexive prefixes, and is, in fact, most commonly heard as “Dzä ätsčënul?”.

Grammatical Uses of the Indefinite:
The uses of the indefinite in grammatical constructions are myriad, and often confusing, as they are not applied consistently across all verbal conjugation classes.

The first grammatical use of the indefinite is that occurring after another conjugated verb, for example:
I want to go home.
Whilst in many languages, the infinitive would be applied here, this is not the case for 3º, and 4º conjugation verbs. So, in this case, the verb would conjugate as such:
Ësto ÿbële köülu meyäa.

In other words, any verb ending in -ëř, and –ël, as well as those in the irregular 4º conjugation class will use the indefinite here. -är and -äl verbs are the exceptions to this rule.

The second grammatical use of the indefinite is when the subject of the verb is a numeral, for example:
Three demanded to leave.
Which would be written:
Tän pyängul yorudär.

Context is the only clue, in this case, as to what the tense of the verb actually is, which results in most authors, and speakers, using the numeral as an adjective: quantifying the noun, which allows the verb to be normally conjugated, such as in the sentence:
Three people demanded to leave. Tän čívøv pyängíg yorudär.


The third grammatical use of the indefinite is when the tense of the action is unclear, or the subject of the verb is unclear. This use occurs primarily, if not entirely within the boundaries of literature, divination, and prophecy. These uses are, in general, difficult to render in English, and thus are best left described as they are in the above.

The fourth grammatical use of the indefinite is when a speaker in the past describes an action done in the present. This is combined with the use of a reflexive prefix to mark person. For example:
And then he said, “I'm looking at it now!”
Which renders as:
Äyä nën žälog, «Ëtswehül vërk híst caön!»

This can result in some interestingly unclear passages, when quoting someone who is quoting someone else.

The fifth and final grammatical use of the indefinite is the using the indefinite form of zërnël to describe an action that “has been done”. For example:
I have broken it.
becomes
Ëtszërnül nosdyääš híst.

Since this could also be used for the fourth grammatical use of the indefinite, style guides and grammaticians advise the use of the “plain conjugations” for the fourth, keeping the progressive for the fifth.
Comments (0)
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 20-Apr-19 02:12 | Δt: 85.1719ms